HEMP / CANNABIS 25,000 DIFFERENT USES – 08 Paper
Wikipedia states – The first identified coarse paper, made from hemp, dates to the early Western Han Dynasty, 200 years before the nominal invention of papermaking by Cai Lun, who improved and standardized paper production using a range of inexpensive materials, including hemp ends, around 2000 years ago. Recycled hemp clothing, rags, and fishing nets were used as inputs for paper production. By the sixth century AD, the papermaking process spread to Korea, where cannabis had been used previously for thousands of years, and Japan, where cannabis had been used for 10,000 years.
Hemp paper reached Europe in the 13th century via the Middle East. It reached Germany in the 14th century. It all changed in the 19th century when new methods were established for the production of paper from wood pulp which was cheaper than hemp.
In 1818 the Goznak paper mill opened in St Petersburg, Russia, hemp was it’s main material. The paper from the mill was mainly used in printing bank notes, stamped paper, bonds, stocks and other water based paper.
Hemp paper consists of pulp obtained from the fibers of industrial hemp. Compared to wood pulp, hemp pulp gives four to five times longer fibre, a higher tear resistance and tensile strength.
Fun fact the first copies of The Bible were made of hemp paper.
France has produced more than half of the hemp in Europe between 1993 – 2015, that now belongs to the United Kingdom.
Frances hemp was used to make hemp paper and the hurds are used to make hemp paper and the hurds are used to make bedding for horses and other animals.
The founding fathers of America wrote the first two drafts of the Declaration of Independence were written on hemp paper in 1776.
The future – hemp is a great sustainable plant, for hemp paper we are not yet able to overthrow wood paper completely, there’s still not enough raw material (hemp plants) available to replace all of our uses for trees. In addition, the technology for mass-producing the kinds of paper we are used to buying, like printer paper, are still being perfected. It is closer than we think!!!